ENGGER HIGHLAND: An ancient caldera; the highest one in Java. Right in the middle of a sea of sand stands four peaks of mountains. According to Esther (1980 et all) formerly Mount Tengger was a very large mountain with a peak of 4.000 meters above sea level. About one and a half million years ago a very large caldera of 8-10 km Mount Tengger; there was a major explosion which formed activities did not stop.
Now the remains of the previous mountain are there to see in the highlands such as: Mt. Bromo (2.392m), Mt. Batok (2.400m), Mt. Widodaren (2.614 m), Mt. Watangan (2.601 m), Mt. Kursi (2.581 m), and wide laut Pasir (sea of sand) caused by its eruption. Tengger highland itself consists of some beautiful attractions can’t be miss such as Tengger Caldera. Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park is popular because of its unique and spectacular natural phenomena and it is easy to enjoy it from a relatively close position.
According to a local folk tale, at the end of the 15th century princess Roro Anteng from the Majapahit Empire started a separate principality together with her husband Joko Seger. They named it Tengger by the last syllables of their names. The principality did prosper, but the ruling couple failed to conceive children. In their despair they climbed Mount Bromo to pray to the gods, who granted them help, but requested the last child to be sacrificed to the gods. They had 24 children, and when the 25th and last child Kesuma was born Roro . Anteng refused to do the sacrifice as promised. The gods then threatened with fire and brimstone, until she finally did the sacrifice. After the child was thrown into the crater, the voice of the child ordered the local people to perform an annual ceremony on the volcano, which is still held today.
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